Flies are not just a nuisance to us, but a carrier of many types of disease. Due to their sheer abundance and varied habitats, flies frequently come in contact with humans. They contaminate food and surfaces by spreading disease organisms picked up on the hairs on their bodies and through their saliva that is used to break down foods. Flies feed on liquid or semiliquid substances beside solid material which has been softened by saliva or vomit. Because of their large intake of food, they deposit faeces constantly, one of the factors that makes the insect a dangerous carrier of pathogens. Flies are capable of contaminating food and transferring more than 100 pathogens, including malaria, salmonella and tuberculosis, anthrax, ophthalmia, and parasitic worms. Food contamination is one of the main reasons that fly pest control is so important.
Most of the flies found in and around buildings feed and breed in warm, moist decaying organic matter. Flies visit and breed in garbage, trash bins, piles of compost or manure, and the carcasses of animals. Flies are attracted to light, so they often gather around windows when inhabiting indoor areas.
THE COMMON HOUSE FLY
The adults are about 5-8mm long. Their thorax is gray or sometimes even black, with four longitudinal dark lines on the back. The whole body is covered with hair-like projections. The females are slightly larger than the males, and have a much larger space between their red compound eyes. The mass of pupae can range from about 8 to 20 mg under different conditions. This species accounts for about 90% of all flies in our homes.
Often referred to as a ‘Brommer’. It is 10Ã¢â‚¬â€œ14mm long, slightly larger than a housefly. The head and thorax are dull gray and the abdomen is bright metallic blue with black markings. The eyes are red and the wings are transparent. They mostly feed on dead animals and animal faeces, making them potential carriers of disease. These insects like to fly in packs in order to detect possible prey more efficiently. If one fly detects food, it will disperse a pheromone which will alert the others to the meal.
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